A series of multivariate logistic regression models were then conducted to examine the sociodemographic, behavioral, and maternal correlates of having engaged in routine HIV testing. Youth were offered point-of-care HIV testing, with results provided at survey end. Parental consent was waived; in Illinois, youth aged 12 and over can consent to HIV testing and treatment without parental consent[ 24 ].
Because maternal communication is but one potentially important factor, we also consider sociodemographic and behavioral risk factors. Youth were offered point-of-care HIV testing, with results provided at survey end. In one of the few studies in this area, earlier and more frequent mother and father communication about sex was positively associated with having ever had an HIV test among mostly White, heterosexual college students[ 19 ]. Maternal communication and relationship Youth were asked if they had a mother, female guardian, or woman who acted as their mother and to identify this person e. However, this research is timely given that youth are disclosing their sexual orientation at younger ages[ 22 ], a trend likely to continue as support for LGBT people grows[ 23 ]. All data collection and HIV testing occurred in private offices or in tents or mobile health vans in public settings, e. In conjunction with survey date and self-reported status, we calculated the percentage of YMSM who had an HIV test in the past six months, and the number of youth with an HIV-positive test result who reported being HIV-negative or of unknown serostatus. Since many YMSM may still be living in the family home during adolescence, parents are a potentially important source of sexual health information. Youth who received an HIV test were given pre-test counseling[ 24 ] and did not eat or drink 30 minutes before testing. To date, little research has examined parent-adolescent communication about sex among YMSM[ 12 , 13 ]. In a separate study with a nationally representative sample of male adolescents ages 15—19, mother and father communication about sex predicted having a visit to a regular care provider in the last year[ 18 ]. Parental consent was waived; in Illinois, youth aged 12 and over can consent to HIV testing and treatment without parental consent[ 24 ]. Although not yet approved for minors, the effectiveness of PrEP relies on routine testing to identify high-risk negatives who may be optimal candidates for PrEP and to detect seroconversions among people taking PrEP[ 6 ]. When offered an HIV test, All but one youth Multivariate logistic regression analyzed the sociodemographic, behavioral, and maternal factors associated with routine HIV testing. Abstract Purpose To document the HIV testing behaviors and serostatus of younger men of color who have sex with men YMSM , and to explore sociodemographic, behavioral, and maternal correlates of HIV testing in the past six months. A series of multivariate logistic regression models were then conducted to examine the sociodemographic, behavioral, and maternal correlates of having engaged in routine HIV testing. As a result, parenting practices commonly studied in research with heterosexual youth may operate differently in families with LGBT youth. HIV-related risk factors YMSM reported past six-month engagement in condomless sex with male, female, and transgender female partners of unknown or different HIV status. In general, research on parental influences on the health of YMSM lags behind that of heterosexual youth[ 12 — 15 ], where studies indicate that parents can reduce sexual risk-taking, improve partner communication, and increase health promoting behaviors, including healthcare engagement[ 16 — 18 ]. To the best of our knowledge, no studies have examined the association between maternal communication about sex and routine HIV testing among YMSM. Over half of youth lived with their parents or family. Methods YMSM aged 16—19 completed a close-ended survey on HIV testing and risk behaviors, mother-son communication, and sociodemographic characteristics. For testing conducted by partnering agencies, youth signed a Release of Information. Youth aged 13—19 years old were eligible if they: IRB approval was obtained for all procedures.
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