Both men saw themselves as isolated from the prevailing clinical and theoretical mainstream because of their ambitions to develop radical new theories of sexuality. In it, he provided an outline of Freud's psychoanalytic method. After World War One, Freud spent less time in clinical observation and concentrated on the application of his theories to history, art, literature and anthropology. There was the atmosphere of the foundation of a religion in that room. The couple had six children:
Freud's family were Jewish but he was himself non-practising. In conjunction with this procedure, which he called " free association ", Freud found that patients' dreams could be fruitfully analyzed to reveal the complex structuring of unconscious material and to demonstrate the psychic action of repression which, he had concluded, underlay symptom formation. Fliess developed highly eccentric theories of human biorhythms and a nasogenital connection which are today considered pseudoscientific. The family moved to Leipzig and then settled in Vienna, where Freud was educated. Putnam's subsequent public endorsement of Freud's work represented a significant breakthrough for the psychoanalytic cause in the United States. Although the medical establishment disagreed with many of his theories, a group of pupils and followers began to gather around Freud. Jung later broke with Freud and developed his own theories. The same year he married Martha Bernays , the granddaughter of Isaac Bernays , a chief rabbi in Hamburg. Adler, regarded as the most formidable intellect among the early Freud circle, was a socialist who in had written a health manual for the tailoring trade. Important decisions were taken at the Congress with a view to advancing the impact of Freud's work. After Fliess failed to respond to Freud's offer of collaboration over publication of his Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality in , their relationship came to an end. Early psychoanalytic movement[ edit ]. He shared Freud's views on the importance of certain aspects of sexuality — masturbation, coitus interruptus , and the use of condoms — in the etiology of what were then called the "actual neuroses," primarily neurasthenia and certain physically manifested anxiety symptoms. He was particularly interested in the potential social impact of psychiatry. First one of the members would present a paper. These pains were, according to Fliess's theories, caused by habitual masturbation which, as the tissue of the nose and genitalia were linked, was curable by removal of part of the middle turbinate. Both women would go on to make important contributions to the work of the Russian Psychoanalytic Society founded in She was restored to full mobility and went on to practice psychoanalysis herself. His explorations of his feelings of hostility to his father and rivalrous jealousy over his mother's affections led him to fundamentally revise his theory of the origin of the neuroses. After graduating, he worked at the Vienna General Hospital. Each member pledged himself not to make any public departure from the fundamental tenets of psychoanalytic theory before he had discussed his views with the others. In , reflecting its growing institutional status, the Wednesday group was renamed the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society. His substantial body of published research led to his appointment as a university lecturer or docent in neuropathology in , a non-salaried post but one which entitled him to give lectures at the University of Vienna. By he was using the term " psychoanalysis " to refer to his new clinical method and the theories on which it was based. In the period after World War I, Adler became increasingly associated with a psychological position he devised called individual psychology. His research work in cerebral anatomy led to the publication of an influential paper on the palliative effects of cocaine in and his work on aphasia would form the basis of his first book On the Aphasias:
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