In Article 3 a , the Protocol defines trafficking in persons as: Local law enforcement officers should protect victims of trafficking. The greatest challenge for governments is not identifying the specific services that victims of trafficking need to survive and begin rebuilding their lives. The text of the Trafficking Protocol was adopted and opened for signature in the fall of , establishing a global standard for government action, which is particularly important given the transnational nature of many trafficking networks. Be a conscientious and informed consumer.
Take action on your campus. On June 17, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee held a hearing on a number of law enforcement treaties, including the Trafficking Protocol. I will briefly speak to you today about how the U. Here are some media best practices on how to effectively and responsibly report stories on human trafficking. Women, men, girls, and boys are trafficked and forced to work or provide services in or on farms, factories, restaurants, homes, brothels, and bars. Despite the varied settings into which people are trafficked, the common element in all trafficking cases is the ongoing violation of the person. These are necessary steps that we urge the U. As a parent, educator, or school administrator, be aware of how traffickers target school-aged children. Proposed by the United States and Argentina in January , this is the first international protocol to require governments to criminalize trafficking in persons and to provide a framework for enhanced protection of, and assistance to, victims. Finally, the United States should, above all else, return control to the victims of trafficking. My colleagues and I at Human Rights Watch thank you for focusing on this important human rights problem. In her report, she speaks of victim protection in terms of the right to confidentiality, the right to security of person, and the right to access to justice. Proactive, community-wide work is needed before federal prosecutors or local police encounter a large trafficking case with multiple victims who have urgent needs for shelter and services. Earlier this year, President Bush transmitted the Protocol, together with the main Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime, to the Senate seeking its advice and consent to ratification. The United Nations has estimated that , people are trafficked into forced labor and forced prostitution around the world each year. Governments around the world must take this problem seriously. In addition to these essential protections, the U. As governments map out anti-trafficking strategies, they must see this problem not only in law enforcement terms, but in human rights terms. The guide includes risk factors, protocols if you suspect trafficking, and impacts that trafficking has on learning environments. Despite the critical importance of prosecution in trafficking cases, it would be a mistake to talk about protection for victims and witnesses only in the context of testimony at trial. S government was among the first countries to sign the Trafficking Protocol in December Traffickers must be held accountable for the crimes, victims need access to justice, and trafficking networks need to be disrupted and future trafficking prevented. In particular, ensure that victims who fear retaliation at home can seek to remain in the United States, even if they are unable to comply with law enforcement requests for assistance. Advocacy Director, testifies to the U. Volunteer and support anti-trafficking efforts in your community. Whether they stay in the country to which they were trafficked or return to their home countries, they need to be able to do so safely. USAID also supports individual country assessments of the scope and nature of trafficking and the efforts of government, civil society, and international organization to combat it.
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