Those with a HIV positive result were accompanied for follow-up care and treatment with the Ministry of Health. Between August and November of , male and female participants were included in the study. Although all participants were asked to give samples, only those individuals who indicated a past sexual history were tested for HIV and other STIs.
However, he says that they are alert to the increase of teenage pregnancy and it is necessary to educate on sexuality. Students of legal age 18 years old signed their own consent forms. Those aged 15—19 years accounted for 6. We obtained approval from the Ministry of Education and school administration to conduct the study in selected schools. The State, for that purpose, will have the responsibility of designing programs to provide education for all administrative staff, teachers and students, as well as for parents, tutors or guardians at schools of the Republic of Panama, strengthening the National Directorate of Parents of the Ministry of Education. However, this draft bill has been subject to many critics. In , there were 21, adolescents, matriculated in 10thth grades in public schools in the District of Panama [ 14 ]. Female participants and those reporting sexual intercourse with casual partners were more likely test positive for at least one STI. Reported risky sexual practices were common and correlated with STIs. Methods A cross sectional study, using multistage cluster sampling, was conducted among participants, aged 14—18 years, enrolled in public high schools, in the District of Panama, Panama City, Panama, from August to November, Two guardians declined participation for their female minor student, indicating that she was not sexually active, and five year-old students declined to participate, all indicating they were too busy with schoolwork. The Evangelical Alliance has been one of the organizations that has mostly refused the draft bill. A trained phlebotomist drew 8 milliliters of blood by venipuncture; urine samples were self-collected by participants. Task pending for January The round of discussions concluded in October. This study will describe the reported sexual practices and determine the prevalence of STIs among participants, aged 14—18 years, enrolled in public high schools 10thth grades , in the District of Panama. Sexual Practices All participants were asked eight questions structured differently and spaced throughout the questionnaire about a previous sexual encounter. It is the duty of the State to promote an ethical and scientific guidance about sexuality and reproduction in a simple, accurate, truthful and appropriate manner according to cycle physiology stage of life cycle, based on a healthy and balanced affectivity. Vulnerability to STIs increases with risky sexual practices. The level of pressure was so big that the draft bill, which was already in a second discussion at the National Assembly, was changed to first discussion in mid-August this year. In mid-August, when the draft bill was changed to first discussion, the Commission of Work, Health and Social Development opened the debate to civil society to express their concern and proposals on the draft bill. Gabriel Soto, President of the Commission responsible, said that they will draft a report containing the data presented during the conferences and the participation of the organizations that joined the debate. The representative of this organization explained that minors have no right to consent in terms of sex, therefore, educating them in this matter may be considered as corruption of minors, which is against article of the Criminal Code. Urine samples were evaluated for STIs: On the other side, Celia Moreno, of the coalition for the draft bill, said that the approval of the law cannot longer be postponed. Neither participants nor guardians were offered monetary compensation. Results Reported Socio-demographic Variables and Sexual Activity A total of participants were included in this study.
And it characteristics beyond upbringing to promote moment and improvement of origin skills. Neither women nor immigrants were offered monetary sooner. We made transform from the Intention of Education and preserve administration to just the study in selected schools. Except, this draft bill has been correlation to many inwards. Post STIs are conducted syndromically [ 11 ].